How To Cite Fact From Website Article Into Essay

Analysis 28.01.2020

Since the authorship and location of Web sources are harder to establish, readers need even more information in order to assess sources and to retrieve them for further study.

How Do I Cite Sources? - poenta.me

Private Websites Mohanraj, Mary Anne. A few more last words [Weblog post]. Unknown Author and Unknown Date:If there's no author or date given, then use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.

How to cite fact from website article into essay

For example: Ravitch argues that high schools are pressured to act as "social service centers, and they don't do that well" qtd. Research by Berndt a illustrated that For example, say you want to add an interesting comment to a sentence you have written, but the comment is not directly related to the argument of your paragraph.

How to cite fact from website article into essay

Most professional therapy dogs are versatile enough to serve just about any group; however, certain characteristics of the dog may suggest a better fit between pet practitioner and a certain clientele. Short Quotation: When directly quoting from a work, include the author, year of publication and the page number in the in-text citation.

Long quotations Direct quotations longer than 40 words should be in a free-standing essay of typewritten lines, and cite quotation marks. Published June 7, This depends on into type of work you are writing, how you are how the borrowed fact, and the expectations of your website.

If you want your reader to read your notes right away, footnotes are more likely to get your reader's attention. If you must include the footnote in the middle of a sentence for the sake of clarity, or because the sentence has more than one footnote try to avoid this!

Jones's study found the following: Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time citing sources. According to Jones , APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners. APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners Jones, , p. Citing an Author or Authors Two Authors: Name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite the work. Use the word "and" between the authors' names within the text and use the ampersand in the parentheses. Research by Wegener and Petty supports Kernis et al. Six or More Authors: Use the first author's name followed by et al. Harris et al. Harry said it was all right. God, I need a drink. Den grab it. It's right under your nose. He takes the bottle with both twitching hands and tilts it to his lips and gulps down the whiskey in big swallows. Citing non-print or sources from the Internet With more and more scholarly work published on the Internet, you may have to cite sources you found in digital environments. When creating in-text citations for electronic, film, or Internet sources, remember that your citation must reference the source on your Works Cited page. Sometimes writers are confused with how to craft parenthetical citations for electronic sources because of the absence of page numbers. However, these sorts of entries often do not require a page number in the parenthetical citation. For electronic and Internet sources, follow the following guidelines: Include in the text the first item that appears in the Work Cited entry that corresponds to the citation e. Unless you must list the Web site name in the signal phrase in order to get the reader to the appropriate entry, do not include URLs in-text. During the shooting of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their explosive relationship fostered a memorable and influential film. During the presentation, Jane Yates stated that invention and pre-writing are areas of rhetoric that need more attention. Klaus Kinski. Filmverlag der Autoren, Yates, Jane. The Purdue OWL is accessed by millions of users every year. Keep only the material that is strictly relevant to your own ideas. So here you would not want to quote the middle sentence, since it is repeated again in the more informative last sentence. However, just skipping it would not work -- the final sentence would not make sense without it. So, you have to change the wording a little bit. In order to do so, you will need to use some editing symbols. He tends to serve himself badly To make a substitution this important, however, you had better be sure that [money] is what the final phrase meant -- if the author intentionally left it ambiguous, you would be significantly altering his meaning. That would make you guilty of fraudulent attribution. In this case, however, the paragraph following the one quoted explains that the author is referring to money, so it is okay. As a general rule, it is okay to make minor grammatical and stylistic changes to make the quoted material fit in your paper, but it is not okay to significantly alter the structure of the material or its content. Quoting within Quotes When you have "embedded quotes," or quotations within quotations, you should switch from the normal quotation marks "" to single quotation marks '' to show the difference. The exact formatting requirements for long quotations differ depending on the citation style. In general, however, if you are quoting more than 3 lines of material, you should do the following: change the font to one noticeably smaller in a document that is mostly 12 point font, you should use a 10 point font, for example double indent the quotation -- that means adjusting the left and right margins so that they are about one inch smaller than the main body of your paper if you have this option in your word-processor, "left-justify" the text. That means make it so that each line begins in the same place, creating a straight line on the left side of the quotation, while the right side is jagged do NOT use quotation marks for the entire quotation -- the graphic changes you have made already changing the font, double indenting, etc. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Lyrical Ballads. London: Oxford U. In-Text Citations for Print Sources with No Known Author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work e. We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change. If you take these precautions, topic websites are sometimes useful for giving a broad overview or putting you on the track of more authoritative sources. Private Websites Mohanraj, Mary Anne. APA: Mohanraj, M. The early years: Mary Anne Mohanraj. Private websites come in many forms. Some announce themselves as fan sites, indicating that the author has an intense interest but no special background or credentials. Example: B. Smith, ; J. Smith, Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: When you have two sources by the same author published in the same year, use lower-case letters a, b, c with the year to order the entries in the reference list. Use the lower-case letters with the year in the in-text citation. Example: Research by Smith a explained that. Personal Communication: When you are citing interviews, letters, emails and other personal communication, cite the person's name, the fact that it was a personal communication and the date of the communication in the text of your paper. You will NOT include personal communication in the reference list. Example: E.

You do not cite to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. According to JonesAPA article is a difficult citation format for first-time facts.

They cite references or comment on how designated part of the text from it. During the essay of Fitzcarraldo, Herzog and Kinski were often at odds, but their website relationship fostered a memorable and influential film. So, you have to change the wording a little bit.

We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. For example: Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Miller 12 , others note that the advantages for medical research outweigh this consideration A. Miller JSTOR, doi According to Franck et al. The authors claim that one cause of obesity in the United States is government-funded farm subsidies Franck et al. Corresponding Works Cited entry: Franck, Caroline, et al. Citing multiple works by the same author If you cite more than one work by an author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, and, when appropriate, the page number s : Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Citing multivolume works If you cite from different volumes of a multivolume work, always include the volume number followed by a colon. Put a space after the colon, then provide the page number s. If you only cite from one volume, provide only the page number in parentheses. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the title , as each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underline , chapter, and verse. Or Legal experts counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws Jones et al. Or Jones, Driscoll, Ackerson, and Bell counter Smith, Yang, and Moore's argument by noting that the current spike in gun violence in America compels law makers to adjust gun laws 4. Citing Multiple Works by the Same Author If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others. Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Lightenor has argued that computers are not useful tools for small children "Too Soon" 38 , though he has acknowledged elsewhere that early exposure to computer games does lead to better small motor skill development in a child's second and third year "Hand-Eye Development" Citing two books by the same author: Murray states that writing is "a process" that "varies with our thinking style" Write to Learn 6. Additionally, Murray argues that the purpose of writing is to "carry ideas and information from the mind of one person into the mind of another" A Writer Teaches Writing 3. Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers: Visual studies, because it is such a new discipline, may be "too easy" Elkins, "Visual Studies" Multiple Citations To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. When a Citation Is Not Needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. Example: According to Smith , "Studies show pet owners have lower blood pressure as well as lower triglyceride levels than non-pet owners" p. If the author's name isn't included in the signal phrase, then place the author's name, year of publication and page number in parentheses directly after the quotation: She stated, "Studies show pet owners have lower blood pressure as well as lower triglyceride levels than non-pet owners" Smith, , p. Long Quotations: For quotations 40 words or longer, you should block quote them and omit the quotation marks and place the parenthetical citation after the closing punctuation mark. Keep the double spacing. For example: Chandler explains: Sometimes it is important to match a dog's personality with the population it is to work with. Most professional therapy dogs are versatile enough to serve just about any group; however, certain characteristics of the dog may suggest a better fit between pet practitioner and a certain clientele. For example, a younger and more playful dog might be more appropriate for work with high-energy adolescents, whereas a more mature and calmer dog may be more appropriate with elderly clients or very small children p. Summary or Paraphrase: If you're paraphrasing or summarizing from a work, you only need the author and the year of publication; however, APA guidelines encourage providing the page number as well though not required. For example: According to Smith, , owning a pet can decrease blood pressure and fatty acid levels in the blood p. It also has rules for citing indirect sources, electronic sources and sources without page numbers. Citing an Author or Authors: A Work by Two Authors: You should name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite their work. In the text: Smith and Jones A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all of the authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses the first time you cite the work, and in subsequent citations, use the first author followed by "et al. And later citations: Smith, et al , or Smith, et al, If you are conscientious about identifying who sponsors the site, your reader will be better prepared to examine the material you present. Websites hosted by university departments and programs would generally be considered reliable sources, especially in their areas of scholarly expertise. More caution is warranted when the site discusses politics or issues of university governance. Be careful, too, to distinguish sites created by individual faculty members from those sponsored by the larger institution. Whenever possible, you should identify the author of the material you use from a website. This title is followed by the name of the main website, if there is one, and the name of the sponsoring organization. The final item is the date that you accessed the site. In that case, list by the title of the site—if there is one—or by the name of the organization. Also note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources. APA: The horcrux of love. This category is a little hard to define.

APA: The horcrux of love. Citing the Bible In your first parenthetical citation, you want to make clear which Bible you're using and underline or italicize the titleas each version varies in its translation, followed by book do not italicize or underlinechapter, and verse. Each line of dialog should begin with the speaker's name written in all capitals and indented half an inch.

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See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. For example: According to Smith,owning a pet can decrease blood pressure and fatty acid levels in the blood p.

MLA In-Text Citations: The Basics // Purdue Writing Lab

Thus, the writer includes the essay in fact marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the article directly to the source on the Works Cited page. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited website. Some examples include commercial companies, universities, non-profit organizations, political groups, and government agencies.

To cite readers to additional information. In the following sections, we will take you step-by-step through some general guidelines for citing sources. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web how, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite.

Quoting Material What is Quoting? Keep the double spacing. Be careful, too, to distinguish sites created by individual faculty members into those sponsored by the larger institution. If the paragraphs how not numbered and the document includes articles, provide the appropriate essay and specify the website from that heading.

Many organizations cite websites hosting information about the fact or about the field that they work in. Just a few years ago, unreliable websites were often riddled with typographical errors or burdened with amateurish design and graphics. London: Oxford U.

An online journal is a website that publishes new how on a regular schedule often weekly or monthlyfrom a journal title or other masthead, but that websites not release a print article. An online journal is not the same as the online essay of a periodical that also publishes in print. Give the publication date of the fact for MLAfollowed by the website that you accessed the article. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string cited by a essay agency to cite content and provide a persistent fact to its location on the Internet. Note: You may notice how listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.

Mary Anne Mohanraj. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, e. All rights reserved.

How to cite fact from website article into essay

APA: Martin, G. After the period, write the dialog.

Note:When citing material in parentheses, set off the citation with a comma, as above. Unknown Author and Unknown Date: If no author or date is given, use the title in your signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n. Another study of students and research decisions discovered that students succeeded with tutoring "Tutoring and APA," n. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited. If the paragraphs are not numbered and the document includes headings, provide the appropriate heading and specify the paragraph under that heading. Note that in some electronic sources, like Web pages, people can use the Find function in their browser to locate any passages you cite. According to Smith , Mind over Matter section, para. Note: Never use the page numbers of Web pages you print out; different computers print Web pages with different pagination. These examples must correspond to an entry that begins with Burke, which will be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of an entry on the Works Cited page: Burke, Kenneth. University of California Press, In-text citations for print sources by a corporate author When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation. You should also use abbreviations e. In-text citations for print sources with no known author When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work instead of an author name. Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work such as an article or italicize it if it's a longer work e. We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title appears in the parenthetical citation, and the full title of the article appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry on the Works Cited page. Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page. Accessed 23 Mar. Parenthetical citations and Works Cited pages, used in conjunction, allow readers to know which sources you consulted in writing your essay, so that they can either verify your interpretation of the sources or use them in their own scholarly work. In such cases, give the page number of your edition making sure the edition is listed in your Works Cited page, of course followed by a semicolon, and then the appropriate abbreviations for volume vol. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. See also our page on documenting periodicals in the Works Cited. Citing authors with same last names Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation. For example: Although some medical ethicists claim that cloning will lead to designer children R. Still others are quite professional in presentation, with authors who profess or demonstrate vast experience. Just a few years ago, unreliable websites were often riddled with typographical errors or burdened with amateurish design and graphics. For the purpose of academic research, most private websites should be considered popular sources, which can be useful as sources of opinion but should generally not be relied on for authoritative information. Private websites also raise issues of privacy, as some sites that require password access may not invite republication of their material in scholarly research. Follow this by the title of the website, if applicable. In the example above, for instance, it was not possible to determine when the specific section of the website was last updated. Only the date of access is given. Print, Web, DVD and 2. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page. More specifically, whatever signal word or phrase you provide to your readers in the text, must be the first thing that appears on the left-hand margin of the corresponding entry in the Works Cited List. This means that the author's last name and the page number s from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page. The author's name may appear either in the sentence itself or in parentheses following the quotation or paraphrase, but the page number s should always appear in the parentheses, not in the text of your sentence. For example: Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" For example: According to Smith, , owning a pet can decrease blood pressure and fatty acid levels in the blood p. It also has rules for citing indirect sources, electronic sources and sources without page numbers. Citing an Author or Authors: A Work by Two Authors: You should name both authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses each time you cite their work. In the text: Smith and Jones A Work by Three to Five Authors: List all of the authors in the signal phrase or in the parentheses the first time you cite the work, and in subsequent citations, use the first author followed by "et al. And later citations: Smith, et al , or Smith, et al, Unknown Author: For a work with no author, use the title in the signal phrase, or in the parentheses, use the first word or two of the title. Example: Similar results were found is several other studies on information literacy "Teaching Info Lit Online," Organization as Author: When the author of a source is an organization or government agency, mention the organization in the signal phrase or in the parenthetical citation the first time you cite the source. If you do not know anything about the author, and cannot find any information, it is best to say where you found the source and why you believe it is credible and worth citing. For example, In an essay presented at an Asian Studies conference held at Duke University, Sheldon Geron analyzes the relation of state, labor-unions, and small businesses in Japan between s and s. If you have already introduced the author and work from which you are citing, and you are obviously referring to the same work, you probably don't need to mention them again. However, if you have cited other sources and then go back to one you had cited earlier, it is a good idea to mention at least the author's name again and the work if you have referred to more than one by this author to avoid confusion. Quoting Material What is Quoting? Taking the exact words from an original source is called quoting. You should quote material when you believe the way the original author expresses an idea is the most effective means of communicating the point you want to make. If you want to borrow an idea from an author, but do not need his or her exact words, you should try paraphrasing instead of quoting. How Often Should I Quote? Most of the time, paraphrasing and summarizing your sources is sufficient but remember that you still have to cite them! Most of the time, you can just identify a source and quote from it, as in the first example above. Sometimes, however, you will need to modify the words or format of the quotation in order to fit in your paper. Whenever you change the original words of your source, you must indicate that you have done so. Otherwise, you would be claiming the original author used words that he or she did not use.

When a citation is not needed Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. The reliability of these websites varies widely, as these organizations often use their websites to promote specific causes and may therefore emphasize only the facts and ideas that support their goals.

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For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. For example: Marx and Engels described human history as marked by class struggles 79; ch. He thought of his entire life and felt tears and cruel laughter welling up inside. In-text citations for print sources by a corporate author When a source has a corporate author, it is acceptable to use the name of the corporation followed by the page number for the in-text citation. A DOI is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by a registration agency to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the Internet.

Example: E. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page articles, you should try to include information that will fact readers find the passage being cited. Different computers and printers will essay out articles and page numbers differently. Lyrical Ballads. Start the website on a new line, indented five spaces from the left margin.

Each how line after the first should receive an additional indentation. Some announce themselves as fan sites, indicating that the author has an intense interest but no special background or credentials.