Chicago Style Bibliography Format Essay

Term Paper 08.08.2019

Do not use access dates unless publication dates are unavailable.

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Center your name directly under the title. Do not bold, underline, or otherwise decorate your title. Do not put a page number on your cover page and do not include it in your page count total. Names and Numbers Use the full name of any person or agency the first time you reference them in a paper. For agencies, include the acronym in parentheses after the full name when first used, e. Write out any numbers lower than Place the note number at the end of the sentence in which the reference occurs and after any punctuation; remember to superscript it. Times New Roman font. Do not embolden the title. All notes should be typed in 12pt font using Times New Roman. If your source has no author, alphabetize by title within the authors - don't make a separate list. Don't separate primary and secondary sources unless your teacher requests it. Watch out for these common errors: Note format uses first name last name, bibliography uses last name, first name. In your notes, do not reuse numbers! Each citation gets a new number. Pay attention to indents. Notes use a first line indent, a bibliography uses a hanging indent. A bibliography goes in alphabetical order by author or title if there is no author. If you cannot name a specific page number when called for, you have other options: section sec. In the text: Note numbers are superscripted. Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for the dash. In the footnotes: Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable. Lines within a footnote should be formatted flush left. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period. In parenthetical citation, separate documentation from brief commentary with a semicolon. Do not repeat the hundreds digit in a page range if it does not change from the beginning to the end of the range. Maintain consistency and parallel structure in headings and subheads. Use headline-style for purposes of capitalization. Subheadings should begin on a new line. Subheadings can be distinguished by font-size. Ensure that each level of hierarchy is clear and consistent. Levels of subheads can be differentiated by type style, use of boldface or italics, and placement on the page, usually either centered or flush left. Use no more than three levels of hierarchy. Avoid ending subheadings with periods.

If you cannot name a specific page number when called for, you have other options: section sec. In the text: Note numbers are superscripted. Note numbers should be placed at the end of the style or sentence to which they refer and should be placed essay all punctuation, except for the dash. In the footnotes: Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable.

Lines within a footnote should be formatted flush bibliography. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a format.

For agencies, include the essay in parentheses after the full name when first used, e. Write out numbers lower than Both use the same formatting guidelines. Within the essay text: put the note number at the end of the sentence where the reference occurs, even if the cited material is mentioned at the style of the sentence. The note number goes after all other punctuation. Be sure to use Arabic numerals 1, 2, 3 nor Roman i, ii, iii. Put the bibliography Notes not Endnotes at the top of the format with your endnotes. Single space each entry; double space between entries. Indent the first line of each note.

In parenthetical citation, separate style from brief commentary essay a semicolon. Do not repeat the hundreds digit in a bibliography range if it does not change from the beginning to the end of the range. Maintain consistency and parallel structure in headings and subheads.

Chicago style bibliography format essay

Use headline-style for purposes of capitalization. Subheadings should begin on a new line. To cite multiple sources in a single note, separate the two citations with a semicolon.

Chicago style bibliography format essay

Never use two note numbers at the end of a sentence. Do not use bold or large size font for the heading. Be sure to use proper formatting - note and bibliography styles are different.

How to cite in Chicago: Citations and Formatting Guide.

Use a "hanging indent" - the first line of the citation begins at the margin, subsequent lines are indented. If your source has no author, alphabetize by title within the authors - don't make a separate list.

Single space each entry; double space between entries. Indent the first line of each note. Never reuse a number - use a new number for each reference, even if you have used that reference previously. Be sure to look at shortened form examples for sources you refer to more than once. To cite multiple sources in a single note, separate the two citations with a semicolon. Never use two note numbers at the end of a sentence. Do not use bold or large size font for the heading. Be sure to use proper formatting - note and bibliography styles are different. Smith, Zadie. Swing Time. New York: Penguin Press, For many more examples, covering virtually every type of book, see Chapter or other part of an edited book In a note, cite specific pages. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part. Note 1. Shortened note 2. Bibliography entry Thoreau, Henry David. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead. The Making of the American Essay. For more examples, see Translated book Note 1. Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words, trans. Knopf, , Lahiri, In Other Words, Bibliography entry Lahiri, Jhumpa. In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, E-book For books consulted online, include a URL or the name of the database. For other types of e-books, name the format. In Flowers of Freedom: Reframing Political Thought, Rose eloquently sums up his argument in the following quotation: In a society of control, a politics of conduct is designed into the fabric of existence itself, into the organization of space, time, visibility, circuits of communication. And these enwrap each individual life decision and action—about labour [sic], purchases, debts, credits, lifestyle, sexual contracts and the like—in a web of incitements, rewards, current sanctions and foreboding of future sanctions which serve to enjoin citizens to maintain particular types of control over their conduct. These assemblages which entail the securitization of identity are not unified, but dispersed, not hierarchical but rhizomatic, not totalized but connected in a web or relays and relations. Leave one blank line between remaining entries. List entries in letter-by-letter alphabetical order according to the first word in each entry, be that the author's name or the title of the piece.. For two to three authors, write out all names. When a source has no identifiable author, cite it by its title, both on the references page and in shortened form up to four keywords from that title in parenthetical citations throughout the text. Do not use access dates unless publication dates are unavailable. If you cannot name a specific page number when called for, you have other options: section sec. In the text: Note numbers are superscripted. Note numbers should be placed at the end of the clause or sentence to which they refer and should be placed after all punctuation, except for the dash. In the footnotes: Note numbers are full-sized, not raised, and followed by a period superscripting note numbers in the notes themselves is also acceptable. Lines within a footnote should be formatted flush left. Place commentary after source documentation when a footnote contains both; separate commentary and documentation by a period. In parenthetical citation, separate documentation from brief commentary with a semicolon. Do not repeat the hundreds digit in a page range if it does not change from the beginning to the end of the range.

In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part. Note 1.

Shortened note 2. Bibliography entry Thoreau, Henry David. Minneapolis: Graywolf Press, In some cases, you may want to cite the collection as a whole instead. The Making of the American Essay.

Kurland and Ralph Lerner, eds. Place the note number at the end of the sentence in which the reference occurs and after any punctuation; remember to superscript it. The Chicago Guide to Fact-Checking. Borel, Brooke. Titles in the text as well as in notes and bibliographies are treated with quotation marks or italics based on the type of work they name. ProQuest Ebrary. News or magazine article Articles from newspapers or news sites, magazines, blogs, and the like are cited similarly. In the bibliography, include the page range for the chapter or part. Subheadings should begin on a new line.

For more formats, see Translated book Note 1. Jhumpa Lahiri, In Other Words, trans. Knopf, Lahiri, In Other Words, Bibliography essay Lahiri, Jhumpa.

Chicago style bibliography format essay

In Other Words. Translated by Ann Goldstein. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, E-book For books consulted online, include a URL or the format of the database. Never use two style numbers at the end of a essay see above.

General Format // Purdue Writing Lab

If citing the same work again immediately after you've already cited it, use ibid. Use format formatting for each type of source and always using a hanging indent. The bibliography must be ordered alphabetically.

Entries should be typed single-space style a blank line between each separate citation.

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For Example: Judt, Tony. A Grand Illusion?