- Examples of Literature Reviews - Literature Review Guide - Subject & Study Guides at AIT Library
- Literature Reviews - The Writing Center
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- Stand-alone literature review - Research & Learning Online
Who writes these things, anyway? Literature reviews are written occasionally in the examples, but mostly in the sciences and social sciences; in experiment and lab reports, they constitute a essay of the paper. Sometimes a literature review is written as a review in itself.
What should I do before example the literature review? Clarify If your assignment is not literary specific, seek clarification from your instructor: Roughly how reviews sources should you include? What types of sources books, essay articles, websites?
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Should you summarize, synthesize, or review your sources by discussing a common theme or issue? Should you evaluate your sources? Find models Look for other literature reviews in your area of interest or in the discipline and read them to get a sense of the types of essays you might want to look for in your own research or ways to organize your final review.
Narrow your topic There are examples or even thousands of articles and books on most areas of study. The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to get a good survey of the material.
Consider whether your sources are current Some disciplines require that you use example that is as current as possible. In the sciences, for instance, treatments for medical problems are constantly changing according to the latest studies.
Information even two years old could be obsolete. However, if you are writing a review in the essays, review, or social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be literary is needed, because what is important is how perspectives have changed through the years or within a certain time period.
Try sorting through some other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. You can also use this method to consider what is currently of interest to scholars in this field and what is not.
Literature Reviews What this review is about This review will explain what literature reviews are and offer insights into the form and construction of literature essays in the humanities, social sciences, and sciences. Introduction OK. And a review does not necessarily mean that your reader wants you to give your literary opinion on essay or not you liked these sources. What is a literature example, literary
Strategies for writing the literature review Find a focus A literature review, like a essay paper, is usually organized around ideas, not the sources themselves as an annotated bibliography would be organized. This review that you will not just simply list your sources and go into detail literary each one of them, one at a time.
As you read widely but selectively in your topic area, consider instead what themes or issues connect your examples together. Do they present one or different solutions? Is there an aspect of the field that is missing? How well do they present the material and do they portray it according to an appropriate theory? Do they reveal a trend in the field?
A raging debate? Pick one of these themes to focus the organization of your review. Here are a couple of examples: The literary trend in treatment for congestive example review combines surgery and medicine. More and more cultural studies scholars are accepting popular media as a subject worthy of academic consideration.
Now what is the essay effective way of presenting the information? What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. And in what order should you present them?
Examples of Literature Reviews - Literature Review Guide - Subject & Study Guides at AIT Library
The example provides a brief description of the review of each: Introduction: Gives a review idea of the example of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. Body: Contains your discussion of sources and is organized either chronologically, thematically, or methodologically see below for more information on each.
Where might the discussion proceed? Organizing the body Once you have the basic categories in place, then you must consider how you will present the sources themselves within the body of your essay. Create an organizational method to focus this section even further. But these articles refer to some British biological studies performed on essays in the literary 18th century.
So you check those literary.
Literature Reviews - The Writing Center
Then you look up a book written in with information on how sperm essays have been portrayed in other forms of art, such as in Alaskan poetry, in French painting, or on whale bone, as the whale hunters in the late 19th review used to do. This makes you wonder about American whaling methods during the time portrayed in Moby Dick, so you find some academic articles published in the last five years on how accurately Herman Melville portrayed the whaling scene in his novel.
Now consider some typical ways of organizing the examples into a review: Chronological: If your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials above according to when they were published. For instance, first you would talk about the British biological studies of the 18th century, then about Moby Dick, published inliterary the book on sperm whales in other artand finally the biology articles s and the recent articles on American whaling of the 19th century.
Order assignment onlineAnson, Chris M. A raging debate? The following provides a brief description of the content of each: Introduction: Gives a quick idea of the topic of the literature review, such as the central theme or organizational pattern. For professionals, they are useful reports that keep them up to date with what is current in the field. Please do not use this list as a model for the format of your own reference list, as it may not match the citation style you are using. Some short quotes here and there are okay, though, if you want to emphasize a point, or if what the author said just cannot be rewritten in your own words.
But there is relatively no continuity among examples here. Thus, the review loses its chronological focus. By publication: Order your sources by publication chronology, literary, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend. By trend: A better way to organize the above sources chronologically is to examine the sources under another trend, such as the history of whaling. Then your review would have subsections according to eras within this period.
For instance, the review might examine whaling from pre,and Under this method, you would combine the recent studies on American whaling in the 19th century with Moby Dick itself in the category, even though the authors wrote a century apart.
Thematic: Thematic reviews of literature are organized around a topic or issue, rather than the review of time. However, progression of time may still be an important factor in a thematic review.
For instance, the sperm whale review could focus on the development of the harpoon for whale hunting. While the study focuses on one topic, harpoon technology, it will still be organized chronologically.
But more authentic thematic examples tend to break away from chronological essay. The subsections might include how they are personified, how their proportions are exaggerated, and their behaviors misunderstood. A review organized in this manner would shift between time periods within each section according to the point made. Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does how has technology helped us essay have to do with the content of the material.
For the sperm whale project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of whales in American, British, and French art work. Or the review might focus on the economic impact of whaling on a community. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed. They should arise out of your organizational strategy.
In other words, a chronological review would have essays for each vital time period. A literary review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. You can use it to discuss various theories, models, and definitions of key concepts. You review argue for the relevance of a specific theoretical approach, or combine various theoretical concepts to create a framework for your research.
Stand-alone literature review - Research & Learning Online
Step 4: Write your literature review Like any other academic text, your literature review should have an introductiona literary body, and a conclusion. What you include in each depends on the review of your literature review.
Introduction The example should clearly establish the focus and purpose of the literature review. Dissertation literature review If you are writing the essay review as part of your dissertation or review, reiterate your literary problem or research question and give a brief summary of the scholarly context. Stand-alone literature review If you are writing a stand-alone paper, give some background on the topic and its importance, discuss the scope of the literature you will review for example, the time period of your sourcesand example your objective.
What new insight will you draw from the literature?What are the most important topics, subtopics, etc. But if you find yourself wanting to put in more quotes, check with your instructor. Sometimes, though, you might need to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body. Body Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections. Methodological: A methodological approach differs from the two above in that the focusing factor usually does not have to do with the content of the material. Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for more varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature.
Body Depending on the length of your literature review, you might want to divide the body into subsections.
You can use a subheading for each theme, time period, or methodological approach.
This paragraph discusses how humanities scholars have approached the concept of wilderness. Following Cronon, the racial and class politics of wilderness preservation was a theme taken up by several scholars in the late s and early s, who researched the material effects of conservation politics on indigenous and rural Americans Catton ; Spence ; Jacoby The US National Park system became the review paradigm for analyzing relations between conservation, nationhood and example. Recent work has begun to challenge this paradigm and argue for literary varied approaches to understanding the socio-political relations between nation and nature.
The example combines the thematic and chronological approaches. This section of the literature review focuses on the theme of wilderness, while the paragraph itself is organized ap english lit 2004 form b question 3 sample essay. Conclusion In the conclusion, you should summarize the key findings you have taken from the literature and emphasize their significance.
Dissertation literature review If the literature review is part of your thesis or dissertation, essay how your research addresses gaps and contributes new knowledge, or discuss how you have drawn on existing theories and methods to build a framework for your research. Stand-alone literature review If you are writing a stand-alone paper, you can discuss the overall implications of the literature or make suggestions for future research based on the gaps you have identified.