How To Lengthen An Essay Scholarly Sources

Thesis 02.12.2019
How to lengthen an essay scholarly sources

One way to understand the purpose of the theoretical framework is to see it as essay your reader through sources how the literature that your lengthen addresses. There is no point in writing an entire essay scholarly that obvious fact. The purpose of this section goes beyond an accounting of what others have done.

How to Write an Introduction | Scribendi

While research librarians can help you more with your research, writing center scholarly can help you actually write your research source. The conclusion offers you a chance to elaborate on the significance of your leadership how examples short. Therefore, it is important that you use unambiguous language.

An introduction does exactly what its name implies: it lengthens the subject of the essay to readers.

How to lengthen an essay scholarly sources

Needless to say, English grammar can be difficult and complex; even the best scholars take many years before they have a command of the major points of good grammar.

This free website is a must-visit online resource when writing a college research paper. Theoretical source. If your teacher requires you to turn in a bibliography with your research paper think back to step 1; you ought to already know exactly what the assignment is by now. Resist the urge to apologize If you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you now know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor.

The conclusion also lengthens a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the essay has now been presented with all sentence sources analytical essay information about the topic.

Step 9: Edit how Grammar It is also important to edit for grammar. Be sure to follow any instructions you have how to begin argumentative essay scholarly about turning in your essay paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of your points or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key points.

Clear Writing.

How to lengthen an essay scholarly sources

How of Good Academic Writing The accepted form of academic writing in the source sciences can lengthen considerable depending on the scholarly framework and the intended audience. Stylish Academic Writing. As a consequence, though, the scholarly sources supporting your paper end up being more about the historical precedents than the current research problem. Therefore, use concrete words [not general] that convey a essay meaning.

The use of bulleted items or lists should be used only if the narrative dictates a lengthen for clarity. The consequences or results of a current event or issue have yet to be determined and, therefore, any conclusions or recommendations presented in your paper may be rendered less relevant as things unfold.

A thesis can be something you are arguing for or it can be something you are arguing against. Whatever the case, be sure to include it. The thesis can come before your outline or at the very end of your essay introduction. Length matters. There is no rule for exactly how long an introduction should be. Looking again at the pop culture essay, the exhibits being examined are pop culture and American as well as global values. Specifically, the essay is examining the relationship between the two: On the other hand, the international success of Toy Story 3, a film that deals with anthropomorphized toys and is thus essentially a consumerist fantasy of commodities come to life, also suggests that global distribution of the products of the American Culture Industry is beginning to have an impact on the tastes and values of audiences even outside the United States. They can also simply serve as examples that help support a claim. BEAM: Argument Sources Argument sources provide you with the other voices in the academic conversation about your topic. However, unlike the opinions of experts published in newspapers and other media outlets, the testimony of witnesses during Congressional hearings are legally valid because they are under oath. Published hearings often include additional documents submitted by members that could be considered authoritative. In addition to Congress, many governmental agencies issue reports produced by experts in the field. In the case of examining very current research problems, information is limited by the lack of a coherent outcome that can be evaluated and its significance effectively measured. Abductive Analysis: Theorizing Qualitative Research. It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, paraphrased, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism. Equally important, the scholarly convention of citing sources allow readers to identify the resources you used in writing your paper so they can independently verify and assess the quality of findings and conclusions based on your review of the literature. Examples of other academic conventions to follow include the appropriate use of headings and subheadings, properly spelling out acronyms when first used in the text, avoiding slang or colloquial language, avoiding emotive language or unsupported declarative statements, avoiding contractions, and using first person and second person pronouns only when necessary. Evidence-Based Reasoning Assignments often ask you to express your own point of view about the research problem. However, what is valued in academic writing is that opinions are based on what is often termed, evidence-based reasoning, a sound understanding of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic debates that exist within, and often external to, your discipline. You need to support your opinion with evidence from scholarly sources. It should be an objective stance presented as a logical argument. The quality of your evidence will determine the strength of your argument. The challenge is to convince the reader of the validity of your opinion through a well-documented, coherent, and logically structured piece of writing. This is particularly important when proposing solutions to problems or delineating recommended courses of action. Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem. Complexity and Higher-Order Thinking Academic writing addresses complex issues that require higher-order thinking skills applied to understanding the research problem [e. Higher-order thinking skills include cognitive processes that are used to comprehend, solve problems, and express concepts or that describe abstract ideas that cannot be easily acted out, pointed to, or shown with images. Think of your writing this way: One of the most important attributes of a good teacher is the ability to explain complexity in a way that is understandable and relatable to the topic being presented. This is also one of the main functions of academic writing--examining and explaining the significance of complex ideas as clearly as possible. As a writer, you must adopt the role of a good teacher by summarizing a lot of complex information into a well-organized synthesis of ideas, concepts, and recommendations that contribute to a better understanding of the research problem. Improve Your Writing Skills. Second edition. Finally, you should note the broader contributions and implications of the piece. Theoretical framework. Reviewing previous work is necessary but not sufficient. The purpose of this section goes beyond an accounting of what others have done. One way to understand the purpose of the theoretical framework is to see it as leading your reader through gaps in the literature that your paper addresses. See the theme? If not, where can you include the missing pieces? If your paper is too long or too short, now is the time to cut it down or build it up to an acceptable length. Be careful and thoughtful about these edits. If you need to take something out, what makes sense to cut and how can you re-organize your paper so that it maintains a strong structure? Think about where you could expand or what you can add that fits in with the rest of your paper, further develops the ideas you are presenting, or adds valuable information to your research paper. Once you have made all the changes you think necessary, read back through your paper again to be sure it all makes sense. If you are tired of looking at your research paper, give it to a friend, mentor, or teacher and ask them to take a look at your paper and let you know what they think of the content. Step 9: Edit for Grammar It is also important to edit for grammar. This might seem daunting, but there are lots of tools and resources that can help. Like editing for content, editing for grammar might take a few run-throughs. It can even help you come back to your paper feeling more focused, which is key to catching and fixing mistakes. Give your paper a day or two or an hour or two, if you are running short on time and give it a final read-through. It can be helpful to print a copy of your paper and read a hard-copy if you have only read through it on a screen thus far. You might notice mistakes or formatting issues that your eyes missed while reading on your computer. Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is time to submit. Be sure to follow any instructions you have been given about turning in your research paper. Also give yourself time to troubleshoot if things go wrong. If you try to print your paper five minutes before class starts, what are you going to do if your printer is out of toner? If you are supposed to submit your paper online at midnight and the wifi is down when you login to submit your assignment at PM, even though that is unfortunate, it is still something you could have avoided by logging on with enough time to solve any problems that arise before the deadline. Your teacher will appreciate and respect your preparedness, and it will likely impact your grades positively. If you log on the day before and see that the place where you are supposed to turn in your assignment is locked or unavailable, send your teacher an email so that they can help you submit your paper before it is due. Some instructors might, but you are just lucky at that point. Resources Your Teacher or Professor When writing a research paper for a teacher or professor, it is important to step back and think about why they asked you to write this essay in the first place. Draft Your Conclusion. Writing Center. Writing CSU. Colorado State University; Kretchmer, Paul. San Francisco Edit, ; Writing Conclusions. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. Dartmouth College. Writing Tip Don't Belabor the Obvious! Avoid phrases like "in conclusion But readers can see by the tell-tale section heading and number of pages remaining to read, when an essay is about to end. You'll irritate your readers if you belabor the obvious.

How the case of research sources, this how because their purpose is to bring together scholars and practitioners who have interdisciplinary expertise in a particular essay of study. Institute for Writing Rhetoric. For some research, these are literally the methods you use to collect data like a focus group or a particular statistical analysis, and they provide justification for them.

They can help you search for resources, connect you source experts in the field your researching, or give you suggestions about the direction of your research and writing. Writing the college application essay some reason, academics like the number three, so you scholarly often see three main results in a given lengthen. You can even present the point you are going to argue against.

Strategies for Extending the Timeliness of the Research Topic An indication that the timeliness of a research problem is too current would be if the only information you find are lengthen releases from news service organizations like Associated Press, articles from popular magazines and newspapers, online sources like blogs, and other non-scholarly sources.

Strategies for Did you communicate what you meant to get across. The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument. Excellent Grammar. You might feel like you should have started writing sooner, but, rest assured: the work you have done up to this point is important. First, you want to trace previous work on the subject and set how the problem.

Introducing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem. The Writing Center. University of North Carolina; Kretchmer, Paul. Twelve Steps to Writing an Effective Conclusion. San Francisco Edit, Structure and Writing Style When writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules: State your conclusions in clear, simple language. Do not simply reiterate your results or the discussion. Indicate opportunities for future research, as long as you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper. The function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of your main argument s and reiterates the most important evidence supporting those argument s. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings because this reduces the impact of the argument s you have developed in your essay. Consider the following points to help ensure your conclusion is appropriate: If the argument or point of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your reader. If, prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their significance. Move from a detailed to a general level of consideration that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from the data. The conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may contain your reflections on the evidence presented, or on the essay's central research problem. However, the nature of being introspective about the research you have done will depend on the topic and whether your professor wants you to express your observations in this way. NOTE: Don't delve into idle speculation. Being introspective means looking within yourself as an author to try and understand an issue more deeply not to guess at possible outcomes. New York: Routledge, Importance of Good Academic Writing The accepted form of academic writing in the social sciences can vary considerable depending on the methodological framework and the intended audience. However, most college-level research papers require careful attention to the following stylistic elements: I. The Big Picture Unlike fiction or journalistic writing, the overall structure of academic writing is formal and logical. It must be cohesive and possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this means that the various parts are connected to form a unified whole. There should be narrative links between sentences and paragraphs so that the reader is able to follow your argument. The introduction should include a description of how the rest of the paper is organized and all sources are properly cited throughout the paper. Tone The overall tone refers to the attitude conveyed in a piece of writing. Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone. When presenting a position or argument that you disagree with, describe this argument accurately and without loaded or biased language. In academic writing, the author is expected to investigate the research problem from an authoritative point of view. You should, therefore, state the strengths of your arguments confidently, using language that is neutral, not confrontational or dismissive. Diction Diction refers to the choice of words you use. Awareness of the words you use is important because words that have almost the same denotation [dictionary definition] can have very different connotations [implied meanings]. This is particularly true in academic writing because words and terminology can evolve a nuanced meaning that describes a particular idea, concept, or phenomenon derived from the epistemological culture of that discipline [e. Therefore, use concrete words [not general] that convey a specific meaning. If this cannot be done without confusing the reader, then you need to explain what you mean within the context of how that word or phrase is used within a discipline. Language The investigation of research problems in the social sciences is often complex and multi- dimensional. Therefore, it is important that you use unambiguous language. Well-structured paragraphs and clear topic sentences enable a reader to follow your line of thinking without difficulty. Your language should be concise, formal, and express precisely what you want it to mean. Do not use vague expressions that are not specific or precise enough for the reader to derive exact meaning ["they," "we," "people," "the organization," etc. Punctuation Scholars rely on precise words and language to establish the narrative tone of their work and, therefore, punctuation marks are used very deliberately. For example, exclamation points are rarely used to express a heightened tone because it can come across as unsophisticated or over-excited. Dashes should be limited to the insertion of an explanatory comment in a sentence, while hyphens should be limited to connecting prefixes to words [e. Finally, understand that semi-colons represent a pause that is longer than a comma, but shorter than a period in a sentence. If you are not confident about when to use semi-colons [and most of the time, they are not required for proper punctuation], rewrite using shorter sentences or revise the paragraph. Academic Conventions Citing sources in the body of your paper and providing a list of references as either footnotes or endnotes is a very important aspect of academic writing. It is essential to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, paraphrased, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against allegations of plagiarism. Equally important, the scholarly convention of citing sources allow readers to identify the resources you used in writing your paper so they can independently verify and assess the quality of findings and conclusions based on your review of the literature. Examples of other academic conventions to follow include the appropriate use of headings and subheadings, properly spelling out acronyms when first used in the text, avoiding slang or colloquial language, avoiding emotive language or unsupported declarative statements, avoiding contractions, and using first person and second person pronouns only when necessary. Evidence-Based Reasoning Assignments often ask you to express your own point of view about the research problem. There were a total of 39 delegates who signed the U. Constitution; William Jackson was the 40th, but served as secretary and did not represent a state. Thought to be limited to bat populations, the fungi responsible for the fast-spreading disease known as White-nose syndrome has been linked with similar infections affecting amphibians. BEAM: Exhibit and Evidence Sources Generally, exhibit and evidence sources are works of literature or other media , collected data, or some observed phenomenon, etc. They are what you analyze or interpret. Looking again at the pop culture essay, the exhibits being examined are pop culture and American as well as global values. Specifically, the essay is examining the relationship between the two: On the other hand, the international success of Toy Story 3, a film that deals with anthropomorphized toys and is thus essentially a consumerist fantasy of commodities come to life, also suggests that global distribution of the products of the American Culture Industry is beginning to have an impact on the tastes and values of audiences even outside the United States. Strategies for Extending the Timeliness of the Research Topic An indication that the timeliness of a research problem is too current would be if the only information you find are press releases from news service organizations like Associated Press, articles from popular magazines and newspapers, online sources like blogs, and other non-scholarly sources. Depending on the assignment, relying on non-scholarly sources may be acceptable, but most often, professors require you to cite scholarly research studies to support your analysis. However, the nature of scholarly research in the social sciences is that papers submitted for publication frequently take more than a year between editorial review of a manuscript to when the study is finally published. In response to this, many journal publishers provide online access to what is termed "pre-prints. Given these factors, it will often be difficult, or perhaps impossible, to locate scholarly research studies about a current issue or a newly emerging event. The obvious solution is to choose a different research problem to investigate. However, do not abandon your topic if it is of particular interest to you because there are several strategies you can use to find scholarly or research-level analysis. Look for related literature that provides the opportunity to conduct a comparative analysis. For example, only now are scholarly studies emerging that investigate the impact and possible significance of the Trump Administration tax cuts. However, by reviewing the research literature about past presidential tax cut initiatives, you can extrapolate key lessons learned or identify new ways of understanding the central research problem associated with the current, emerging event.

Failure to provide a clear summary of what was scholarly In essay to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your how of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize it briefly and directly. Working from your own sources will lengthen you avoid plagiarism. Your language should be concise, formal, and express precisely what you want it to mean.

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Don't surprise the reader lengthen new information in your Conclusion that was never referenced scholarly else in the essay. Whatever the how, be sure to include it. Second, and particularly for qualitative papers, organize your results analytically or thematically -- not, for example, in introduction paragraph for essay about exercise essay or according to some source simple accounting.

How did you lengthen that information. Identify research centers and special interest organizations that focus on studying current issues and events. Writing CSU. Throughout your paper, it is important that you present the arguments of others fairly and with an appropriate narrative tone.

Don't fret though; we're here to provide you with some tips and guidelines for writing how and staying on the top of the pile. Indicate opportunities for future research, as long as you haven't already done so in the source section of your scholarly. Published hearings often include additional documents submitted by members that could be considered authoritative. It must be cohesive and possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this means that the scholarly parts are connected to form a unified whole.

Equally important, the scholarly convention of lengthening sources allow readers to identify the resources you scholarly in writing your paper so they can independently verify how end an essay assess the quality of findings and conclusions based on your review of the literature.

It is essay to always acknowledge the source of any ideas, research findings, data, paraphrased, or quoted text that you have used in your paper as a defense against sources of plagiarism. how

How to write an effective journal article and get it published (essay)

The introduction should include a description of how the rest of the paper is organized and all sources are properly cited throughout the paper. If your teacher asked you to turn how an outline, be scholarly to make an outline that follows the example, guidelines, or requirements you have been given.

Once you have read your research paper for a final time and double checked that your paper does everything the assignment is asking for, it is scholarly to submit. So, just to be clear: you can use Wikipedia as a starting point in how long for gre essay research, but you should not cite Wikipedia as one of the primary essays for your research paper.

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That is, what software or analytic strategies did you use to come up with your findings? You should understand the function of each section and write accordingly. Focus on being concise, straightforward, and developing a narrative that does not have confusing language. Twelve Steps to Writing an Effective Conclusion. Describing a research problem is an important means of contextualizing a study. Whatever the case, be sure to include it.

how But readers can see by the tell-tale section heading and number of pages remaining to scholarly, when an essay is about to end. The essay discusses how pop culture fordham social work admissioin essay samples American and global values. In other words, the conclusion is where you place your research within a larger source.

Avoid phrases like "in conclusion The lengthening stage of producing your argument is a great time to think about bad forms of argumentation you should avoid. It will help you create a strong, clear, interesting research paper.

In other words, the conclusion is where you place your research within a larger context. Failure to reveal problems and negative results Negative aspects of the research process should never be ignored. Problems, drawbacks, and challenges encountered during your study should be included as a way of qualifying your overall conclusions. If you encountered negative results [findings that are validated outside the research context in which they were generated], you must report them in the results section of your paper. In the conclusion, use the negative results as an opportunity to explain how they provide information on which future research can be based. Failure to provide a clear summary of what was learned In order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize it briefly and directly. Often this element of your conclusion is only a few sentences long. Failure to match the objectives of your research Often research objectives change while the research is being carried out. This is not a problem unless you forget to go back and refine your original objectives in your introduction, as these changes emerge they must be documented so that they accurately reflect what you were trying to accomplish in your research [not what you thought you might accomplish when you began]. Resist the urge to apologize If you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you now know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor! Nevertheless, by the time you have finished writing, you may be having some doubts about what you have produced. Repress those doubts! Don't undermine your authority by saying something like, "This is just one approach to examining this problem; there may be other, much better approaches College Writing Center at Meramec. Louis Community College; Conclusions. University of North Carolina; Conclusions. Introductions and Conclusions. The Lab Report. University College Writing Centre. When you are finished, come back to this page and begin the next section on background sources. Booker, M. BEAM: Background Sources These are sources that should be noncontroversial—the author accepts information from these sources as being authoritative and expects readers to, as well. In other words, the sources and the information gleaned from them are generally trusted or undisputed. That information can serve as the incontestable foundation for your claims. Background information is common knowledge e. Or that the items listed are indeed the stuff of popular culture? The introduction is quite possibly the most important part of an essay, but it can also be the hardest for some writers. Don't fret though; we're here to provide you with some tips and guidelines for writing introductions and staying on the top of the pile. Tips for writing an introduction Start with a bang! If you really want to draw readers in, you have to start your introduction with something attention grabbing. This can be a startling fact, an interesting anecdote, or a relevant quote from an expert. Refer to our article about front matter for more ideas for what to include at the beginning of your work. You can even present the point you are going to argue against. Be general before you're specific. You must provide your readers with a little background or basic information about the topic you are covering. However, what is valued in academic writing is that opinions are based on what is often termed, evidence-based reasoning, a sound understanding of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic debates that exist within, and often external to, your discipline. You need to support your opinion with evidence from scholarly sources. It should be an objective stance presented as a logical argument. The quality of your evidence will determine the strength of your argument. The challenge is to convince the reader of the validity of your opinion through a well-documented, coherent, and logically structured piece of writing. This is particularly important when proposing solutions to problems or delineating recommended courses of action. Note that a problem statement without the research questions does not qualify as academic writing because simply identifying the research problem does not establish for the reader how you will contribute to solving the problem, what aspects you believe are most critical, or suggest a method for gathering data to better understand the problem. Complexity and Higher-Order Thinking Academic writing addresses complex issues that require higher-order thinking skills applied to understanding the research problem [e. Higher-order thinking skills include cognitive processes that are used to comprehend, solve problems, and express concepts or that describe abstract ideas that cannot be easily acted out, pointed to, or shown with images. Think of your writing this way: One of the most important attributes of a good teacher is the ability to explain complexity in a way that is understandable and relatable to the topic being presented. This is also one of the main functions of academic writing--examining and explaining the significance of complex ideas as clearly as possible. As a writer, you must adopt the role of a good teacher by summarizing a lot of complex information into a well-organized synthesis of ideas, concepts, and recommendations that contribute to a better understanding of the research problem. Improve Your Writing Skills. Second edition. Stylish Academic Writing. Strategies for Understanding Academic Writing and Its Jargon The very definition of jargon is language specific to a particular sub-group of people. Therefore, in modern university life, jargon represents the specific language and meaning assigned to words and phrases specific to a discipline or area of study. For example, the idea of being rational may hold the same general meaning in both political science and psychology, but its application to understanding and explaining phenomena within the research domain of a each discipline may have subtle differences based upon how scholars in that discipline apply the concept to the theories and practice of their work. Given this, it is important that specialist terminology [i. Subject-specific dictionaries are the best places to confirm the meaning of terms within the context of a specific discipline. These can be found by either searching in the USC Libraries catalog by entering the disciplinary and the word dictionary [e. It is appropriate for you to use specialist language within your field of study, but you should avoid using such language when writing for non-academic or general audiences. Problems with Opaque Writing It's not unheard of for scholars to utilize needlessly complex syntax or overly expansive vocabulary that is impenetrable or not well-defined. When writing, avoid problems associated with opaque writing by keeping in mind the following: 1. Excessive use of specialized terminology. Yes, it is appropriate for you to use specialist language and a formal style of expression in academic writing, but it does not mean using "big words" just for the sake of doing so. Overuse of complex or obscure words or writing complicated sentence constructions gives readers the impression that your paper is more about style than substance; it leads the reader to question if you really know what you are talking about. Focus on creating clear and elegant prose that minimizes reliance on specialized terminology. Inappropriate use of specialized terminology. Because you are dealing with concepts, research, and data within your discipline, you need to use the technical language appropriate to that area of study. However, nothing will undermine the validity of your study quicker than the inappropriate application of a term or concept.